Acta Nat. Sci.   |  e-ISSN: 2718-0638

Original article | Acta Natura et Scientia 2023, Vol. 4(1) 10-16

Traditional Weather Forecasting: Practices of Fishers, Sailors and Old Folks in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines

Albaris B. Tahiluddin, Abdulgajir H. Ullang Jr, Alfayedie M. Jali, Jaro O. Ajik, Jamrun H. Ebbah & Wahaymin M. Jamil

pp. 10 - 16   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2023.353.02   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2209-30-0004.R1

Published online: February 17, 2023  |   Number of Views: 145  |  Number of Download: 1118


Abstract

Weather forecasting using traditional methods in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines, is an important indigenous knowledge and is heavily applied to predict the weather in preparation for fishing and sailing and also for disaster prevention. Here, we documented the practices of the local people of Tawi-Tawi, situated in the southern Philippines, in forecasting weather using traditional methods. The informants of the study were fishers/Badjaos (n=15), sailors/boat captains (n=15) and old folks (n=15), which were interviewed at the Chinese Pier, Bongao, located in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. Results revealed that traditional knowledge/methods using atmospheric (clouds, wind, temperature, and visibility), astronomical (sun and moon) and biological (seagrasses/algae, ants, birds, bees, and earthworms) indicators were used to forecast weather, which generally predicts an incoming rainy season as well as adverse weather (typhoons and floods). This study indicates that traditional weather forecasting is still used by the local people of Tawi-Tawi crucial for fishing and sailing activities.

Keywords: Badjao, Fisher, Sailor, Traditional weather forecasting, Philippines


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Tahiluddin, A.B., Jr, A.H.U., Jali, A.M., Ajik, J.O., Ebbah, J.H. & Jamil, W.M. (2023). Traditional Weather Forecasting: Practices of Fishers, Sailors and Old Folks in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines . Acta Natura et Scientia, 4(1), 10-16. doi: 10.29329/actanatsci.2023.353.02

Harvard
Tahiluddin, A., Jr, A., Jali, A., Ajik, J., Ebbah, J. and Jamil, W. (2023). Traditional Weather Forecasting: Practices of Fishers, Sailors and Old Folks in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines . Acta Natura et Scientia, 4(1), pp. 10-16.

Chicago 16th edition
Tahiluddin, Albaris B., Abdulgajir H. Ullang Jr, Alfayedie M. Jali, Jaro O. Ajik, Jamrun H. Ebbah and Wahaymin M. Jamil (2023). "Traditional Weather Forecasting: Practices of Fishers, Sailors and Old Folks in Tawi-Tawi, Philippines ". Acta Natura et Scientia 4 (1):10-16. doi:10.29329/actanatsci.2023.353.02.

References
  1. Ahrens, C. D., & Henson, R. (2019). Meteorology today: an introduction to weather, climate, and the environment. 12th Edition. Cengage Learning Canada Inc. [Google Scholar]
  2. Ajik, J. O., & Tahiluddin, A. B. (2021). Size distribution, length-weight relationship, and catch per unit effort of frigate tuna, Auxis thazard (Lacepède, 1800) in Tawi-Tawi waters, southern Philippines, caught using multiple handline. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(4), 370-375. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.974182 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  3. Barry, R., & Chorley, J. (1998) Atmosphere, Weather and Climate. Seventh Edition. Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  4. Cayanan, O. E., Chen, T. C., Argete, J. C., Yen, M. C., & Nilo, P. D. (2011). The effect of tropical cyclones on southwest monsoon rainfall in the Philippines. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 89A, 123-139. https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2011-a08 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  5. Enock, C. M. (2013). Indigenous knowledge systems and modern weather forecasting: exploring the linkages. Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability, 2(1), 98-141. [Google Scholar]
  6. Galacgac, E. S., & Balisacan, C. M. (2001). Traditional weather forecasting methods in Ilocos Norte. Philippine Journal of Crop Science, 26, 5-14. [Google Scholar]
  7. Galacgac, E. S., & Balisacan, C. M. (2009). Traditional weather forecasting for sustainable agroforestry practices in Ilocos Norte Province, Philippines. Forest Ecology and Management, 257(10), 2044-2053. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.01.002 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  8. Garay-Barayazarra, G., & Puri, R. K. (2011). Smelling the monsoon: Senses and traditional weather forecasting knowledge among the Kenyah Badeng farmers of Sarawak, Malaysia. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 10(1), 21-30. [Google Scholar]
  9. Liu, G., Li, X., Wang, J., Kou, Y., & Wang, X. (2020). Research on the statistical characteristics of typhoon frequency. Ocean Engineering, 209, 107489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2020.107489 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  10. Lum, T., & Margesson, R. (2014). Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda): U.S. and international response to Philippines disaster. Report, September 30, 2022; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282292/: accessed September 30, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library. [Google Scholar]
  11. Mohammad, H. S., Ebbah, J. H., Sahiyal, K. M., & Tahiluddin, A. B. (2022). An assessment of small-scale fisheries in Tandubas, Tawi-Tawi, Southern Philippines. Menba Journal of Fisheries Faculty, 8(1), 10-22. [Google Scholar]
  12. Muallil, M. Y., Adam, K., Muallil, R., & de Guzman, L. E. (2020). From fishing to farming in Sibutu Island, Tawi-Tawi. In O. B. Zamora, L.E.P. de Guzman & R. V. Tatlonghari (Eds.), Stories of adaptation to climate change (pp. 108-122). Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR) and University of the Philippines Los Banos-College of Agriculture and Food Science (UPLB-CAFS). [Google Scholar]
  13. Muallil, R. N., & Hapid, M. G. N. (2020). Preliminary report on an artisanal fishery for thresher sharks (Alopias spp) in Tawi-Tawi, Southern Philippines. Marine Policy, 117, 103894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103894 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  14. Muguti, T., & Maposa, R. S. (2012). Indigenous weather forecasting: A phenomenological study engaging the Shona of Zimbabwe. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 4(9), 102-112. [Google Scholar]
  15. Navarrete-Fernández, T., Bermejo, R., Hernández, I., Deidun, A., Andreu-Cazenave, M., & Cózar, A. (2022). The role of seagrass meadows in the coastal trapping of litter. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 174, 113299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.113299 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  16. Risiro, J., Mashoko, D., Tshuma, Doreen, T., & Rurinda, E. (2012). Weather forecasting and indigenous knowledge systems in Chimanimani District of Manicaland, Zimbabwe. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 3(4), 561-566. [Google Scholar]
  17. Santos, G. D. C. (2021). 2020 tropical cyclones in the Philippines: A review. Tropical Cyclone Research and Review, 10(3), 191-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcrr.2021.09.003 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Tahiluddin, A. B., & Kadak, A. E. (2022). Traditional fish processing techniques applied in the Philippines and Turkey Menba Journal of Fisheries Faculty, 8(1), 50-58. [Google Scholar]
  19. Tahiluddin, A. B., & Sarri, J. H. (2022). An overview of destructive fishing in the Philippines. Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), 116-125. https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.04 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  20. Tahiluddin, A. B., & Terzi, E. (2021). An overview of fisheries and aquaculture in the Philippines. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 6(4), 475-486. https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.944292 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  21. Zachary, M., Yin, L., Zacharia, M., Sakwa, A., Zhang, X., Zheng, Y., & Mukolwe, B. (2021). The use of traditional knowledge in weather forecasting by Nganyi community. SCIREA Journal of Environment, 5(2), 27-45. [Google Scholar]