Acta Nat. Sci.   |  e-ISSN: 2718-0638

Original article | Acta Natura et Scientia 2022, Vol. 3(2) 93-107

Characterization of Genetic Diversity Among Cucumis Accessions Based on Morphological and Phytochemical Characters

Elyas Aryaki̇a & Mohamad Reza Naghavi̇

pp. 93 - 107   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.02   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2203-28-0004.R1

Published online: July 28, 2022  |   Number of Views: 67  |  Number of Download: 449


Abstract

The genus Cucumis L. of the Cucurbitaceae family is widely cultivated all over the world. Despite wide distribution and consumption, there is little information for the assessment of genetic diversity among Iranian Cucumis species. In this study, genetic diversity among 21 accessions of Iranian Cucumis species (C. sativus and C. melo) was assessed using 20 morphological characters of fruit and leaf and 4 phytochemical characters. High phytochemical and morphological diversity at intra- and interspecific levels were revealed among Cucumis species, which reflects the industrial potential of Iranian accessions for breeding and commercial usage. The grouping pattern of genetic diversity was constructed using the UPGMA dendrogram. The results of the grouping pattern revealed high efficiency of morphological and phytochemical characteristics for uncovering the genetic diversity of Cucumis accessions. Moreover, using morphological characters, cucumbers were separated according to their ecological zones. Considerable amounts of phytochemical properties were revealed among Iranian Cucumis accessions, which were comparable to those reported in other studies. Furthermore, unlike Total phenol content and total flavonoid content, melons showed more total sugar and DPPH radical scavenging activity than cucumbers. These results could be important for Cucumis gene bank management, agriculture, and breeding programs.

Keywords: Cucumis, Genetic diversity, Morphology, DPPH


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Aryaki̇a, E. & Naghavi̇, M.R. (2022). Characterization of Genetic Diversity Among Cucumis Accessions Based on Morphological and Phytochemical Characters . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), 93-107. doi: 10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.02

Harvard
Aryaki̇a, E. and Naghavi̇, M. (2022). Characterization of Genetic Diversity Among Cucumis Accessions Based on Morphological and Phytochemical Characters . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), pp. 93-107.

Chicago 16th edition
Aryaki̇a, Elyas and Mohamad Reza Naghavi̇ (2022). "Characterization of Genetic Diversity Among Cucumis Accessions Based on Morphological and Phytochemical Characters ". Acta Natura et Scientia 3 (2):93-107. doi:10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.02.

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