Acta Nat. Sci.   |  e-ISSN: 2718-0638

Original article | Acta Natura et Scientia 2022, Vol. 3(2) 189-202

Relationship Between the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Nutritional Status of Adult

Sümeyye Güzel & Alev Keser

pp. 189 - 202   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.10   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2211-05-0001.R1

Published online: December 09, 2022  |   Number of Views: 46  |  Number of Download: 387


Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have the highest prevalence among non-communicable diseases so prevention from CVD is very important. The aim of this study was to determine the risk of cardiovascular events in adults over the next 10 years with the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and to evaluate the relationship between this risk and the nutritional patterns of individuals. This study was conducted with a total of 238 individuals (78 males, 160 females) aged between 30-64 years. Energy, micro and macronutrients intake levels of the participants according to FRS and gender were determined by taking a daily food consumption record with a 24-hour retrospective reminder method. Participants’ ten-year coronary disease risk was assessed with FRS which was classified as low risk (<10%), moderate risk (10-20%), and high risk (>20%). While 44.9% of the men had moderate/high coronary disease risk, all of women had low risk. Energy, many macronutrients and micronutrients intake levels of men with low risk of coronary heart diseases (CHD) were higher than women. FRS values of all individuals participating in the research were related to energy, carbohydrate (g, %), protein (g), total fat (%), mono-unsaturated fatty acid/MUFA (g), poly-unsaturated fatty acid/PUFA (%), riboflavin, sodium, and zinc. Of these parameters, total fat and PUFA were negatively correlated, while the others were positively correlated. The parameter that most affected the FRS value was carbohydrate (g). These results clearly demonstrate the relationship between nutrition and CVD risk. Therefore, identifying individuals with medium/high FRS and taking nutritional initiatives are important in reducing the CVD prevalence and health costs.

Keywords: Coronary heart diseases, Framingham Risk Score, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Nutrition


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Guzel, S. & Keser, A. (2022). Relationship Between the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Nutritional Status of Adult . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), 189-202. doi: 10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.10

Harvard
Guzel, S. and Keser, A. (2022). Relationship Between the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Nutritional Status of Adult . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), pp. 189-202.

Chicago 16th edition
Guzel, Sumeyye and Alev Keser (2022). "Relationship Between the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Nutritional Status of Adult ". Acta Natura et Scientia 3 (2):189-202. doi:10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.10.

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