Acta Nat. Sci.   |  e-ISSN: 2718-0638

Original article | Acta Natura et Scientia 2022, Vol. 3(2) 214-225

Characterization of Fisheries Violations From the Türkiye’s Mediterranean Coasts Within the Scope of Fisheries Law No. 1380

Huseyın Barıs Kaya & Mehmet Fatih Can

pp. 214 - 225   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.12   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2210-23-0001.R1

Published online: December 22, 2022  |   Number of Views: 36  |  Number of Download: 406


Abstract

In this study, fisheries violations within the scope of the Turkish Fisheries Law No. 1380 were characterized for the Mediterranean Coasts of Türkiye. For this purpose, by taking into account the frequency and amount of the fines, the patterns of violations in terms of fishing gear, region, season, region-season and fishing gear-season by regions interactions were determined. Data were derived from the Turkish Coast Guard Command’ fisheries surveillance activities during 2014 for areas between coordinates of (36°00’00” N-29°00’00” E) and (36°00’00” N-35°45’00” E). A total of 491 violations against the Fisheries Law No. 1380 were considered. It was determined that the most violations were made by angling (23.22%) and the least by drift nets (0.4%). According to penalties amounts for the 2014, a total of $298,817 administrative fines were imposed. Trawl violations accounted for the highest total administrative fines (48.38%), while the lowest total administrative fines (0.17%) were for violations with drift nets. While the most violations were detected in Antalya region, the highest administrative fine was applied in Adana-Mersin region. According to seasons, there was a decrease in fisheries violations due to closed season measurement for fishing during summer. In terms of administrative fines, the season-region interaction was experienced the most in Adana-Mersin region during winter, and the least in Hatay-Adana region during summer. In season-region interaction, the most violations were observed in Antalya region in spring, while the least in summer in Hatay-Adana region. In interaction related to fishing gear-season by regions, it was determined that the highest number of violations and administrative fines occurred in winter during angling in Adana-Mersin region and in autumn during purse seine fishing in Hatay-Adana region. As a result, in short term, these findings could assist decision-making mechanisms for the effectiveness and efficiency of MCS (Monitoring, Control and Surveillance) system, which is an important part of fisheries management regime. In long term, these findings could also be used in a regional Decision Support System for fishery management with integrating with other elements of fisheries management regime.

Keywords: Mediterranean Sea, Fisheries law, Illegal fishing, Fisheries violations, Surveillance


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Kaya, H.B. & Can, M.F. (2022). Characterization of Fisheries Violations From the Türkiye’s Mediterranean Coasts Within the Scope of Fisheries Law No. 1380 . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), 214-225. doi: 10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.12

Harvard
Kaya, H. and Can, M. (2022). Characterization of Fisheries Violations From the Türkiye’s Mediterranean Coasts Within the Scope of Fisheries Law No. 1380 . Acta Natura et Scientia, 3(2), pp. 214-225.

Chicago 16th edition
Kaya, Huseyin Baris and Mehmet Fatih Can (2022). "Characterization of Fisheries Violations From the Türkiye’s Mediterranean Coasts Within the Scope of Fisheries Law No. 1380 ". Acta Natura et Scientia 3 (2):214-225. doi:10.29329/actanatsci.2022.352.12.

References
  1. Arnason, R. (2007). Fisheries Management. In Weintraub, A., Romero, C., Bjørndal, T., Epstein, R., & Miranda, J. (Eds.), Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources. International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, vol 99. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71815-6_9 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  2. Arslantaş, E. (2017). İskenderun Körfezi rekreasyonel balıkçılık potansiyeli. [Master’s. Thesis. Iskenderun Technical University]. [Google Scholar]
  3. Boubekri, I., Amara, R., Borhane, D., & Mazurek, H. (2021). Baseline data for Marine Protected Areas planning and fisheries monitoring: Potential conflicts between recreational IUU and commercial fisheries in the proposed “Taza” MPA (Algeria, SW Mediterranean). Ocean & Coastal Management, 201, 105425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105425 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  4. Connelly, L. (2019). Chi-square test. Medsurg Nursing, 28(2), 127-127. [Google Scholar]
  5. Falautano, M., Castriota, L., Cillari, T., Vivona, P., Finoia, M. G., & Andaloro, F. (2018). Characterization of artisanal fishery in a coastal area of the Strait of Sicily (Mediterranean Sea): Evaluation of legal and IUU fishing. Ocean Coast Management, 151, 77–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.10.022 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  6. FAO. (2002). A Fishery Manager’s Guidebook - Management Measures and Their Application. [Google Scholar]
  7. FAO. (2018). Dünyada Balıkçılık ve Su Ürünleri Yetiştiriciliğinin Durumu. Retrieved on August 7, 2022, from http://www.fao.org/3/CA0191TR/ca0191tr.pdf [Google Scholar]
  8. Flewwelling, P. (1994). An introduction to monitoring, control and surveillance systems for capture fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 338. FAO, Rome. [Google Scholar]
  9. Flewwelling, P. (2001). Fisheries Management and MCS in South Asia. FAO/FISHCODE Project, GCP/INT/648/NOR: Field Report C-6: 56pp. [Google Scholar]
  10. Fujii, I., Okochi, Y., & Kawamura, H. (2021). Promoting cooperation of monitoring, control, and surveillance of IUU fishing in the Asia-Pacific. Sustainability, 13(18), 10231. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810231 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  11. Karabacak, G. S. (2019). Türkiye Denizlerinde Trol ve Gırgır Balıkçılığı İhlallerinin İncelenmesi. [Ph.D. Thesis. Akdeniz University]. [Google Scholar]
  12. Khan, S., & Farooqi, R. (2022). Influence of demographic factors on entrepreneurial intentions: A study for management students of India. Manthan, 9(1), 39-60. https://doi.org/10.17492/jpi.manthan.v9i1.912203 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  13. McHugh, M. L. (2013). The chi-square test of independence. Biochemia Medica, 23(2), 143-149. [Google Scholar]
  14. Miller, D. G. M., Slicer, N. M., & Hanich, Q. (2013). Monitoring, control and surveillance of protected areas and specially managed areas in the marine domain. Marine Policy, 39, 64–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.10.004 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  15. Munro, B. H. (2005). Selected Nonparametric Techniques (Chapter 4). Statistical Methods for Health Care Research (Vol. 1) 5th edition (pp. 109-136). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. [Google Scholar]
  16. Öztürk, B. (2009). Marine protected areas in the high seas of the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Seas, some proposals. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 15, 69-82. [Google Scholar]
  17. Öztürk, B. (2015). Nature and extent of the illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 21(1), 67-91. [Google Scholar]
  18. Öztürk, B., & Başeren, S. H. (2008). The exclusive economic zone debates in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea and fisheries. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 14(2), 77-83. [Google Scholar]
  19. Tanrıverdi, R. (2021a). A study on the training and education of inspectors to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in Turkey. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 10(4), 376-387. https://doi.org/10.33714/masteb.985671 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  20. Tanrıverdi, R. (2021b). ICCAT Inspections in Turkey and Turkey’s national legislation compliance with the ICCAT recommendations. Acta Natura et Scientia, 2(2), 130-140. https://doi.org/10.29329/actanatsci.2021.350.07 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  21. Tolon, M. T. (2017). Overview of fisheries traceability infrastructure in Turkey. American Journal of Engineering Research, 6(9), 281-287. [Google Scholar]
  22. Ünal, V., Yıldırım, Z. D., & Tıraşın, E. M. (2016). EAF project – WS 1 Report. First Stakeholder Meeting Report. FAO-EastMed Project ‘The implementation of a pilot case study on the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management in Gökova Bay’, 19–20 February 2016, Yücelen Hotel, Akyaka, Türkiye. [Google Scholar]
  23. Yağcılar, I. (2009). Türkiye’nin Akdeniz Kıyılarında Avcılık Yapan Teknelerin, Su Ürünleri Mevzuatına İlişkin İhlallerinin Analizi. [Master’s. Thesis. Ege University]. [Google Scholar]